In the title of your question you ask "What do you do when a moderator is saying insulting or belittling things?" and the answer to that is: the same thing you do if anybody else says insulting or belittling things, as addressed in the linked answer. You shouldn't avoid flagging something just because a moderator posted it; everybody errs sometimes, and ...
We definitely should not delete answers for being incorrect.
One of the main advantages of Stack Exchange over other parts of the internet is that we don't censor. Anyone can advocate whatever view they want as long as they do so respectfully. If we delete answers for being incorrect it can very easily lead to the censorship of certain viewpoints. While it ...
For guidelines on what counts as "rude or offensive," one of the categories of comments we're encouraged to flag, take a look at the Help page that explains the "Be nice." rule of interaction on Stack Exchange. If you see a comment that you think any part of is
or the like, you should flag the ...
I don't see why such comments can't be flagged as offensive if they're thought to be offensive. Otherwise, you can flag them as too chatty or as not constructive if they're thought to be such. As far as I recall, we haven't developed criteria for any of those flags, so flag at will.
In other words, my answer to your question — What should we do with ...
There is currently a flag dismissal reason for moderators like this:
flags should not be used to indicate technical inaccuracies, or an altogether wrong answer
Evaluating a post's accuracy has never been the job of elected moderators on Stack Exchange.
Self-answers are fine, either from the outset or later, but we usually hold them to a higher standard, not a lower one. In particular, we should make sure the question could be answered by someone else too; the question needs to contain all the needed information and be well-formed.
That's the question and I realize you're asking about the answer. I think ...
I think the comments have to go. They don't help the post (but rather, the old post), so they go.
That said, if the information is valuable then we should try to save it somehow. This could mean:
editing it into the post as an alternative (with attribution, I suppose)
making it its own answer
asking and self answering another question
posting it into chat ...
My understanding is that both of the approaches you list are fine:
1) The original answer is deficient to the point of being deletion-worthy, so taking the necessary next step by adding summary to go with the link is a very reasonable edit.
2) There's nothing wrong with writing answers that are derivative of other answers, even to the point of just ...
Whatever helps us clearly identify which comments need to be removed and why is best. Otherwise we have to read the whole post, understand what the substance of the suggestion in the comment was, and compare to how the edits affected the question and the suggestion. That can get very complicated very fast with multiple commenters, suggestions, and edits on ...
Flag for moderator attention. Mods can recuse themselves from handling issues if they deem it appropriate (the system does allow them to handle flags on their own posts). If you feel a mod is abusing his privileges and hiding a problem from other mods by constantly dismissing flags before anyone else notices, you can contact SE to take a second look.
There aren't really delete reasons, beyond the comments built into the review queue that you can use to explain delete votes. We could develop a standard comment for people to use, and I suspect that somebody (who isn't me :-) ) could write a userscript to add it to that dialogue, but of course that would be up to each person to use.
I've never heard of a ...
If you are able to replace the broken link (you know what it should be), please edit the post.
If it's broken but you don't know what to replace it with, please add a comment pointing out the problem. (Feel free to also point it out in chat, particularly if it's an older post where people are less likely to see your comment on their own.)
If it's a link-...
אבטליון אומר, חכמים, היזהרו בדבריכם--שמא תחובו חובת גלות, ותגלו למקום המים הרעים, וישתו התלמידים הבאים אחריכם וימותו, ונמצא שם שמיים מתחלל
Avos 1:11 tells the scholar to be careful with his words, lest they result in a Chillul Hashem.
I think you need to use common sense to determine what is acceptable to post and what is better discussed elsewhere.
Posters need to be cognizant that their posts are read by a wide variety of people, Jews and non-Jews in various places with various perspectives.
People need to exercise responsibility and prudence in everything published online or in any ...
Since I'm the mod you refer to, the one who decided "leave open" on the review, let me explain why I did so.
The newer question is about one's self. In short, what am I, a body or a soul?
The older question is about one's "I"-consciousness, or sense of self. In short, where does my sense of "I" come from, my body or my soul?
So they're not duplicates.
I think that these posts should be flagged for deletion - there is no reason that older answers should get to avoid the standards to which newer answers would be subjected.
These answers belong in the VLQ queue, but unfortunately many of them are upvoted and cannot be sent to that queue. Those which qualify as not an answer should be flagged as such and ...